By Howard Davies, Beatrice Bressan
The 1st ebook written and edited by means of the folk who constructed the net, this booklet bargains with the background of making common protocols and an international information move community. the result's THE authoritative resource at the subject, supplying an unlimited volume of insider wisdom unavailable elsewhere.
regardless of the large variety of participants, the textual content is uniform fashionable and point, and of curiosity to each scientist and a must have for all community builders in addition to firms facing the Net.Content:
Chapter 1 Early Days (pages 1–26):
Chapter 2 The function of investment our bodies (pages 27–38):
Chapter three geared up Cooperation (pages 39–72):
Chapter four assorted techniques (pages 73–110):
Chapter five The Interviews (pages 111–134):
Chapter 6 The Bandwidth step forward (pages 135–161):
Chapter 7 aid for functions (pages 163–177):
Chapter eight nearby views (pages 179–219):
Chapter nine Transatlantic Connections (pages 221–233):
Chapter 10 a eu success (pages 235–258):
Read or Download A History of International Research Networking: The People who Made it Happen PDF
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Additional info for A History of International Research Networking: The People who Made it Happen
Collaborative academic and industrial research was increasing in importance in many European countries, and EC ofﬁcials began a process of encouraging the separate networks to join together. In the United Kingdom, the period from 1981 to 1984 had been one of uniﬁcation of regional and discipline-speciﬁc networks to form the general purpose JANET (joint academic network); this was ofﬁcially launched to mark the completion of this process in April 1984. This rationalization, under which all the existing regional networks serving universities and the central research support networks were brought into one organization with a single funding source, convinced those concerned of the beneﬁts of harmonization.
EARN can take credit for setting up an international organization capable of designing and managing the network, as well as ensuring the ﬁnancing of that infrastructure after the ﬁnancial support of IBM ended in December 1987. At the beginning of 1987, EARN and BITNET were able to connect some 3000 scientiﬁc institutions (two thirds of them connected through gateways) with an estimated audience of 150 000 correspondents. Today these numbers do not seem so impressive, but until the early 1990s EARN provided the main instrument for cooperation in Europe amongst research and academic institutions.
5 EARN Presidents: David Lord (no photo), (a) Dennis Jennings, (b) Frode Greisen. j17 j 1 Early Days 18 . . . The non-commercial nature of the network: this referred not only to the potential partners but also to the utilization of the network. The importance and focus on information made available for public consultation. The national representation formed by the members of the Board of Directors: Stefano Trumpy was the acting director of EARN, Italy from the preparatory phase until 1990. The national contributions to ensure the annual budget for the association.
A History of International Research Networking: The People who Made it Happen by Howard Davies, Beatrice Bressan